SHAMIR

SHAMIR
SHAMIR (Heb. שֶׁמִיר), kibbutz in northern Israel on the Golan slope and the eastern rim of the Ḥuleh Valley, 8 mi. (12 km.) S.E. of Kiryat Shemonah, affiliated with Kibbutz Arẓi ha-Shomer ha-Ẓa'ir. Shamir was founded in 1944 by a group from Romania who previously maintained a temporary camp near Ramat Yoḥanan. Until the six-day war (1967) the kibbutz was a border settlement, exposed to Syrian artillery. It struggled to reclaim for agriculture its hilly land, covered with basalt boulders. Shamir's economy improved when it was allocated land in the Ḥuleh Valley, particularly after the completion of the drainage project there. In 1968, Shamir had 430 inhabitants, increasing to 546 in 2002. It raised irrigated field crops (in partnership with kibbutz amir and Kibbutz Sedeh Neḥemya ), deciduous fruit orchards, beehives, cattle, and poultry. The kibbutz specialized in honey production and operated optical and nonwoven fabric plants. The name Shamir, meaning "sharp stone" or "corundum," hints also at the Ha-Shomer ha-Ẓa'ir movement. -WEBSITE: www.shamir.org.il. (Efraim Orni / Shaked Gilboa (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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